# Multi-well Numerical Model

This module closely mirrors the single-well numerical model module, essentially adhering to the same fundamental principles. The primary distinction lies in its capacity to enable users to incorporate either a single well or multiple well within a single numerical model.

Fig. 1: Multi-well Model

## 1. Assumptions

### 1.1 Model Design

#### 1.1.1 Symmetry element

Fig. 2: Birds Eye View

Fig. 3: Gun Barrel View

In accordance with the symmetry element approach, it is assumed that all wells within the model have the same number of fractures. This assumption makes it possible to model a half-fracture for all wells as illustrated in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3. The scaling factor will subsequently be employed to adjust the production performances as defined below

#### 1.1.2 Fracture half-length

Each individual well can have different fracture half-lengths $$\left(x_f\right)$$ and heights $$\left(h_f\right)$$. The software allows user to have overlapping fractures in the same or different layer between adjacent wells as shown in Fig.4.

Fig. 4: Overlapping Fractures

#### 1.1.3 Enhanced Fracture Region (EFR) Option

This option is not supported by the current version of multi-well numerical model.

#### 1.1.4 Gridding

The numerical model utilizes logarithmic gridding for the matrix area between hydraulic fractures within the same well, i.e. along y-axis, while maintaining a uniform grid pattern along the x-axis, as visually depicted in Fig.5.

Fig. 5: Gridding of Numerical Model

The number of grid blocks is determined the same manner to that of the single-well numerical model. Here, users are provided with five levels of grid refinement: very low, low, medium, high and very high. Very High option is best capturing the details but compromised by expensive simulation run time. Conversely, selecting Very Low option yields the shortest simulation run time but may potentially lose some detail in the simulation outcomes.

## 2. Input

Fig. 6: Multi-well Numerical Model in whitson+

### 2.1 Reservoir Data

Reservoir height $$\left(h_f\right)$$, matrix permeability $$\left(k_m\right)$$, matrix porosity $$\left(\phi_m\right)$$, rock compressibility $$\left(c_r\right)$$, fracture $$\left(\gamma_f\right)$$ and matrix gamma $$\left(\gamma_m\right)$$ are entered through this data card. The model can be configured as a single- or multi-layer system as depicted in Fig. 7.

Fig. 7: Reservoir Data Input

### 2.2 Well & Fracture Data

This data card allows user to input all properties related to well and fractures. Well lateral length $$\left(L_w\right)$$, number of fractures $$\left(N_f\right)$$, and dimensionless fracture conductivity $$\left(F_{cd}\right)$$ are properties applicable to all wells. Properties for each well includes:

1. Linked Well: to honor historical data associated with a specific well within the project.
2. Synthetic Well: to create a synthetic well. This designated well name serves a role for plotting and visualization purposes.
3. Distance to Next Well (ft): well spacing between two individual wells.
4. Fracture Half Length (ft): presumed to be uniform for both left and right $$x_f$$.
5. Perforated Layer: landed layer.
6. Fractured Layers: may span across multiple layers.
7. $$A\sqrt{k}$$: automatically calculated by the software.

Fig. 8: Well & Fracture Data Input

### 2.3 Fluid Initialization

This feature offers both single and multi-layer fluid initialization options, seamlessly integrated with PVT characteristics of a designated well. The requirement is to input initial GOR $$\left(R_{ti}\right)$$, initial water saturation $$\left(S_{wi}\right)$$ and initial reservoir pressure $$\left(p_i\right)$$. While for initial solution GOR $$\left(R_s\right)$$, initial solution CGR $$\left(r_s\right)$$, oil $$\left(S_o\right)$$ and gas saturation $$\left(S_g\right)$$, and saturation pressure $$\left(p_{sat}\right)$$ are calculated by incorporating black oil table and initial GOR, ensuring accuracy and reliability in the modelling process.

Fig. 9: Fluid Initialization Input

### 2.4 Relative Permeability

The numerical model incorporates a single set of matrix and fracture permeability.

Fig. 10: Relative Permeability Input

### 2.5 Well Schedule

There are six well control options:

1. Oil
2. Gas
3. Water
4. Liquid
5. BHP
6. BHP (synthetic)

Fig. 11: Well Schedule Input

### 2.6 Case Examples

Below are three case examples that demonstrate how to configure and run the model in whitson+:

1. Case 1 - Linked Wells: Model three SPE Data Repository wells and use production data as well schedule control.
2. Case 2 - Synthetic Wells: Model two synthetic wells.
3. Case 3 - Combination: Model two SPE Data Repository wells and a synthetic well.

#### 2.6.1 Case 1 - Linked Wells

Fig. 12: Example Case 1

#### 2.6.2 Case 2 - Synthetic Wells

Fig. 13: Example Case 2

#### 2.6.3 Case 3 - Combination

Fig. 14: Example Case 3